CSS

Joran Hofman
April 3, 2021

What is meant by CSS?

The acronym CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, commonly referred to as CSS, is a simple design language to simplify the process of making web pages presentable and stylish.

CSS handles how a webpage looks and feels. With CSS, you can control the color of the text, the style of fonts, the spacing between paragraphs, etc.

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What is CSS used for?

The Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is used to manage how a website looks and make it look better.

Be it modifying the fonds, text color, background, CSS can help do all of that, and it is easy to learn and understand, and provides powerful control over the presentation of an HTML document.

Therefore, it can be said that CSS is commonly used when styling websites and that it is a great tool for web designers to have because it helps and gives ease when designing websites.

CSS can be found in almost all of the popular websites now, as it is exceedingly normal to find traces of CSS used in all websites, as it is one of the most popular tools for working with HTML and having a good handle on it is the norm for most programmers.

That’s to say, Cascading Style Sheets is used for modifying a website’s looks, be it making it look better, changing colors, or adding a button or animation, and it can be said to be one of the best and most used tools for web designing. 

How does CSS work?

When a browser shows a document, it must combine the document's content with the style information it has. Then the document is processed in a certain amount of stages, which are:

  • The browser loads up the HTML file. 
  • The HTML file is converted to a DOM (Document Object Model). The DOM represents the document in the computer's database.
  • The browser then finds most of the resources that are linked to by the HTML document, meaning images and videos ... and existing CSS.
  • The browser translates the fetched CSS and sorts the different rules by their selector types. Based on the selectors it finds, it works out which rules need to be applied and attaches style to them as required.
  • The page is then  displayed as it should look like thanks to the information inside the HTML file.

How is CSS related to HTML?

HTML is HyperText Markup Language. As the name suggests, it is a coding language that can be used to create web pages.

CSS is Cascading Style Sheets. It is used to set styles for web pages, including the design, colors, and outlook on different devices and screen sizes, making it easier to look at for the user.

CSS is very related and relevant for HTML as:

  • CSS sets how HTML elements are to be displayed on the screen, paper, or in other media
  • CSS helps to save a lot of work. It can help control the layout of multiple web pages and how they look, everything at the same time.

It can be said that HTML is like just a building structure without plaster and color and CSS is like the plaster color paint lighting.

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